Three “first-of-this-kind” energy storage projects made breakthroughs last week.
Hydrogen Power-to-Gas: on hydrogen storage, a Zhejiang University research team completed a test for ocean energy power-to-gas project;
Electrochemical Storage: China Three Gorges’ storage verification project that consists of 8 types of storage technologies (NaS, Lithion-ion, VRB, supercapacitor, etc.) have been unveiled.
Mechanical Storage: Henan is planning to build the world’s largest salt cavern compressed air project of 100MW.
Besides different exiting storage project announcements. Other critical updates include:
RE Regulation: the “1+N” decarbonized policy package and MIIT’s standardization effort for the fuel cell vehicle industry
Market: the ranking of China’s Top-10 Turbine OEMs seem to be changing in the first half of this year
Scroll down to check out the 8 updates that we considered noteworthy last week.
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Net Zero Investment
China’s lead climate negotiator, Xie Zhenhua, voiced at a high-level climate forum that China is formulating a “1+N” policy package on carbon emission peak and carbon neutrality to accelerate transformation and innovation in ten domains, covering:
- To optimize the energy structure, control and reduce the use of fossil energy such as coal.
- To promote the optimization and upgrading of industries and curb the irrational development of industries with high energy consumption and high emissions.
- To promote energy-saving, low-carbon buildings and infrastructure.
- To build a green and low-carbon transportation system and optimize the transportation structure.
- To develop a circular economy and improve the efficiency of resource utilization.
- To promote green and low-carbon technological innovation.
- To develop green finance.
- To introduce supporting economic policies and reform measures.
- To establish and improve the carbon market and carbon pricing mechanism.
- To implement nature-based solutions to increase carbon sinks.
Fierce competition has taken place in the Chinese wind turbine market, where the market share of the top players might be changing.
Statistics from industry media in Wechat Windmango RE showed that:
- China has launched 165 wind turbine tenders with a total capacity of 23441.4MW in 2021H1.
- Based on the publicly announced tender results, Envision Energy takes the absolute lead with a total amount of 4960.1MW of winning/pre-winning bids.
- Following Envision, the 2-5 placers SANY, CRRC, Windey, Goldwind and Mingyang have similar shares.
- SANY Heavy Energy, CRRC Zhuzhou Institute, and Zhejiang Windey come as follow with strong momentums. The total number of winning bids/pre-winning bids of these 5 OEMs are similar.
Hydrogen Storage & Fuel Cells
TThe world’s first-of-its-kind ocean energy-to-gas system has successfully conducted a unit joint debugging test of a real-sea-state system. The test took place in the coastal area off Ziluo Mountain, Zhoushan City of Zhejiang Province. The project successfully realized ocean-energy power generation and green hydrogen production for the first time.
This test is the first step of Zhejiang University’s innovative technical solution for the combined production of “seawater desalination, hydrogen, and oxygen.”
Last week, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) released the working priorities for the standardization of automobiles in 2021.
The ministry sets to “focus on the application of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs).” It plans to establish series of new standards for the FCEVs industry, including:
- energy consumption of FCVs
- driving range of FCVs,
- low-temperature cold start
- power performance
- on-board hydrogen systems
- hydrogen dispenser nozzles
Before the publication of automobile standardization working priorities, MIIT has just released a policy on test specifications for FCEVs. Industry experts believe that the successive release of the two documents indicate that the FCEV (subsidized) demonstration result is about to be revealed.
Datong, a major coal-producing city in northern China’s Shanxi Province, recently published its 14th Five-Year Plan (14th FYP) and the Long-Term Goals for 2035. The city plans to foster hydrogen economy development, with the following focuses:
- Power-to-gas: Develop an energy system integrated with wind, PV, hydro, thermal and storage hybrids; and build 10GW-level integrated energy complexes for new energy. Use green electricity and hydrogen energy as the delivery medium to ensure the energy security of the capital city and the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. Construct a diversified hydrogen production system including renewables power-to-gas, load-following electricity (on-the-grid) power-to-gas, as well as industrial by-product gas.
- Fuel cell vehicle (FCV) technology: To develop FCV related parts, including new energy vehicle hydrogen purification devices and new energy vehicle hydrogen fuel injectors.
- Hydrogen energy demo city: to transform Datong into a “Hydrogen Capital”, a new energy industrial city. By 2025, the city shall have 100 hydrogen energy companies, of which 7-10 are domestic leading players.
- Core technologies for energy: To focus on promoting technological upgrading for liquid hydrogen equipment manufacturing and processing, large-scale and long-distance hydrogen pipeline transportation.
Energy Iceberg: Datong’s plan suggests the city aims to provide green hydrogen to the Jing-Jin-Ji area.
Pingdingshan Shengguang Energy Storage and China Machinery Engineering Corporation last week formally signed a contract in Beijing to build the world’s first 100MW-level advanced salt cavern compressed air storage facility in Ye County, Pingdingshan City of Henan Province (dubbed “Rock Salt Capital” in China).
China Three Gorges (CTG) last week announced the bid-winning candidates of the new energy storage technology verification platform. The platform is a part of the Ulanqab energy project that integrated “power generation, grid transmission, load dispatch, and energy storage”.
The verification platform plans to installed and compare 8 storage systems of different technologies. Specifically:
- 1MW/15MJ flywheel storage system
- a 1MW/100kWh supercapacitors hybrid with a 500kW/1MWh lithium battery storage unit
- A 3MW/1.5MWh sodium-ion (NaS) battery digital storage system
- Two sets of solid-state lithium-ion battery storage systems, of which one is 1MW/2MWh and 30kW/56kWh
- A solid-state lithium-ion battery storage system with a capacity of 0.5MW/1MWh.
- A water-based zinc-nickel battery storage system of 60kW/200kWh.
- A 2.5MW/6MWh water-based sodium-ion battery storage system
- A vanadium redox (VRB) flow battery storage system of 25kW/100kWh.
- A 250kW dish-type CSP Stirling power station.
The China Photovoltaic Industry Association recently released the China Photovoltaic Industry Annual Report 2020-2021. According to the report:
- As of the end of 2020, the cumulative installed capacity of new energy storage facilities for PV projects (PV storage project) in operation has reached 883 MW, accounting for 27.0% of the total scale of China’s electrochemical energy storage projects, with an annual growth rate of 132.3%.
- In 2020, China’s newly commissioned electrochemical energy storage projects exceeded the 1 GW for the first time (1.5596GW), up 145% YoY. 50% of the newly commissioned projects came from the new energy power generation side. The commissioning of a large-scale PV storage project (502.9MW) is 3.2 times that of the same period in 2019.